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Project Euler

I’ve just stumbled upon Project Euler. It’s a nice little site with mathematical puzzles to be solved using a computer. For example, this first problem is to find the sum of all the natural numbers who are multiples of either 3 or 5, and are below 1000.

There are hundreds of such puzzles, most of them more challenging, so I’ll allow myself to post the answer to this first problem:

    
    #!/usr/local/bin/python  
    sum = 0  
    for number in range(1, 1000):  
      if number % 3 == 0 or number % 5 == 0:  
              sum += number  
    print sum  

And what is great is that once you solve a problem, you get access to a pdf file with an overview of the problem and efficient solutions. The above solution I wrote, which is quite naive, can be computed in O(1), had I first used a pencil and paper as my IDE, and not Vi. Can you see how?